Better known by her bardic name of Cranogwen, Sarah Jane Rees was a pioneer in many fields – from poetry to journalism. She defied all the suffocating restrictions of Victorian womanhood to enjoy a ground-breaking career rich in experiences, achievement and adventure. Her first claim to fame was as a master mariner. From the time she was a little girl in Llangrannog, Cranogwen was determined to live a less conventional life. Her parents wanted her to be a dressmaker but she persuaded her sea captain father to take her on board ship. For two years she worked as a sailor on cargo ships between Wales and France before returning to London and Liverpool to further her nautical education. She gained her master mariner’s certificate – a qualification that allowed her to command a ship in any part of the world. Back in West Wales – overcoming opposition to the appointment of a woman - she became a head-teacher at 21, educating the children of the village, and also taught navigation and seamanship to local young men. Many men who would later go on to sail and captain ships across the world’s oceans were trained by Sarah Jane Rees at this small school on the coast of Ceredigion. In 1865 her writing skills turned her into an instant Welsh celebrity as she became the first woman to win a poetry prize at the National Eisteddfod – beating the major male Welsh poets of the day, Islwyn and Ceiriog. Writing under the name of Cranogwen, her winning poem Y Fodrwy Briodasal - The Wedding Ring - was a moving satire on the married woman’s destiny, using the wedding ring as a recurring symbol. She went on to be one of the most popular poets in Wales, winning more eisteddfod prizes and exploring themes from Welsh patriotism to shipwrecks. Her first collection of around 40 poems was published in 1870. And in 1879 she became the first woman to edit a Welsh-language women’s magazine – Y Frythones, a role she relished for 13 years. Packed with stories, poems and features, it campaigned for girls’ education and even had a problem page. As an editor, Cranogwen also encouraged the talents of other women. Several of the female writers she gave a platform to in Y Frythones went on to successful literary careers. Cranogwen was brilliant with the spoken as well as the written word. At a time when public speaking by women was frowned upon, she embarked on a career as a lecturer, Temperance campaigner and preacher – travelling across America twice. She often faced considerable opposition from male preachers when she took to the pulpit but was hugely popular with audiences who warmed to her vivid use of language and compelling delivery. Temperance was an important issue for Cranogwen. She saw the impact of alcoholic excess on family life in much the same way we would view the dangers of drug abuse today. In 1901 she founded Undeb Dirwestol Merched y De (South Wales Women's Temperance Union). By the time of her death in 1916 there were 140 branches throughout South Wales. One of her most progressive ideas was a refuge for young women. And while she didn’t live to see this dream of a house for homeless girls built, the shelter Llety Cranogwen was opened in her memory in Tonypandy in 1922. So many pioneering achievements for a woman born 180 years ago. are delighted to have joined forces with Cerflun Cymunedol Cranogwen Community Monument in Llangrannog to work together to commission a statue of Cranogwen. The local group, an offshoot of the local community welfare committee, have a site ready and waiting for the statue in the centre of Llangrannog near the church where Sarah Jane Rees is buried.
We're pleased to be working in partnership with Cerflun Cymunedol Cranogwen Community Monument (CCCCM), a sub-group of Pwyllgor Lles Llangrannog Welfare Committee. We will be working with acclaimed sculptor Sebastien Boyesen to create a life-size figurative sculpture of Sarah Jane Rees (1839-1916), known by her bardic name of Cranogwen.
Sculptor Sebastien Boyesen, who provided the community with their beloved St Carannog sculpture, will take forward this prestigious commission. As a contemporary sculptor who lives and works in Llangrannog, Boyesen has a vast portfolio of designing and implementing figurative public artwork across the UK. MWW were extremely impressed with Boyesen’s considered personal research into the historic, social and aesthetic representation of Cranogwen, and his experience and ability to develop a befitting figurative sculpture as an important permanent memorial to Cranogwen.
A site for the long-anticipated sculpture has been sourced in the centre of Llangrannog near the church where Sarah Jane Rees is buried. The sculpture will commemorate Cranogwen’s extraordinary life and her many and varied achievements, made despite the widespread sentiment against women working outside the home and with the limited opportunities available to them in the late 19th and early 20th century. Boyesen and the many contributors towards the project have already embraced the opportunity to create a considered contemporary work to celebrate Cranogwen and her incredible life.
In recognition of Cranogwen, who among other career achievements encouraged the talents of other women, MWW have partnered with Lisa Evans, Programme Director of the degree honours programme in Sculpture at Carmarthen School of Art, Coleg Sir Gâr, to award a paid mentorship for one year to an emerging post-graduate female sculptor from Coleg Sir Gâr to work with Boyesen on this commission. Starting in December 2021, this unique programme, designed to provide support for a female emerging sculptor during the period between education and professional life was awarded to Keziah Ferguson. Through working with Boyesen on the Cranogwen commission, Keziah will benefit by receiving professional guidance and hands on experience in the development of her practice through working on a live commission in the public realm.
Keziah, having recently graduated from Coleg Sir Gâr, has demonstrated passion and ambition in continuing her career as professional sculptor. Keziah said,
“I feel incredibly privileged to be involved in the project, to honour the legacy of
Cranogwen. The warm reception I received in Llangrannog has made me doubly excited to start work with Seb and the team.”
Helen Molyneux from Monumental Welsh Women said,
“We are delighted to be able to announce the commissioning of our project’s third statue of a real Welsh woman. Cranogwen was an inspirational woman whose reputation and influence spread not just across Wales but internationally, at a time when many women rarely left villages they were born in. This will be the third statue commissioned by the Monumental Welsh Women project to celebrate the achievements of Wales’ hidden heroines – the women whose contributions to Welsh life and culture have been largely overlooked because of the era they were born in. The first statue was of Wales’s first black head teacher, Betty Campbell, that was unveiled in Cardiff in September. The second, of Elaine Morgan the evolutionary theorist and dramatist, will be unveiled in Mountain Ash in the autumn.
Anne-Marie Bollen, member of CCCCM, said,
“We aim to celebrate the ambition and success of our pioneering local heroine Cranogwen and to commemorate her life and achievements to inspire future generations.”
Sebastien Boyesen has said of the commission,
“Being commissioned to create the statue of Cranogwen is both an honour and privilege and is something I would consider to be a highlight of my career. I look forward to developing the work with our amazing team including working with Keziah as an emerging sculptor mentee, and hope that I can repay the trust placed in me by creating a wonderful legacy for the village and wider community that celebrates the achievements of an inspirational Welsh woman.”
The Unveiling - Press release.
On 10 June 2023 the long-awaited statue of Cranogwen - Sarah Jane Rees (1839 - 1916) - will be unveiled in the village of Llangrannog; two and a half years since the launch of the public campaign by Cerflun Cymunedol Cranogwen Community Monument (CCCCM), a subgroup of the Llanrannog Welfare Committee in partnership with Monumental Welsh Women (MWW).
This is the third statue commissioned by MWW of a named, non-fictionalised woman to be erected in an outdoor public space in Wales, following the unveiling of the Betty Campbell Monument in Cardiff in 2021, and of the statue of Elaine Morgan in Mountain Ash in 2022. Monumental Welsh Women’s mission is to erect 5 statues honouring 5 Welsh women in 5 locations around Wales in 5 years.
The unveiling will be a creative and ambitious celebration that will echo elements of
Cranogwen's many innovative achievements. Cranogwen was the first woman to win an award for poetry at the National Eisteddfod of Wales and one who will guide a ceremony during the day will be Professor Mererid Hopwood, the first woman to win a Chair at the National Eisteddfod.
The Poet said -
"It is a tremendous privilege to be part of the celebrations to remember Cranogwen's pioneering contribution. Being able to support the community of Llangrannog and all those who have worked tirelessly to ensure that Wales and the world remember her will be quite an honour. What a life and what a woman to inspire us all."
Thanks to the sponsorship of the Arts Council of Wales, the support of Literature Wales and Urdd Gobaith Cymru there will be numerous artists taking part in the event with artists local to Ceredigion who have international status such as Qwerin and Eddie Ladd, artists with national roles such as Casi Wyn, Bardd Plant Cymru and Hannan Issa, National Poet of Wales as well as local school pupils.
Osian Meilyr from Caerwedros and founder of Qwerin said about taking part in the celebrations -
"Following our return from performing in Tasmania we are really excited to be part of an event that celebrates a person who has been an inspiration to many people across Wales, and she, like me, is local to the Llangrannog area. The spirit of Cranogwen will be in the steps of our Qwerin dancing!"
There is an open invitation for everyone to join in the celebrations on Saturday, 10 June which will start with a colourful parade from the Urdd camp, Llangrannog. Cranogwen was president of the South Wales Women's Temperance Union and the parade will pay tribute to that work. The artist Meinir Mathias will hold open workshops before the big day in order to create banners for the parade and the poet Mari George has written new words to the Men of Harlech tune for everyone to sing along to on the journey.
Sculptor Sebastien Boyesen was commissioned to create the statue and has set out to represent Cranogwen's extraordinary achievements in an impressive yet subtle way, creating a permanent memorial that will ensure that Cranogwen continues to inspire into the future. Echoing how Cranogwen encouraged the talents of women, Keziah Ferguson, a promising female sculptor has been mentored during the project, by working with Boyesen on this commission. The long awaited statue will be located in the centre of Llangrannog, in the newly renovated community garden, not far from where Sarah Jane Rees is buried in the church cemetery.
Elin Jones, MS and member of the Sculpture Steering Committee said –
"The expectation is high for this statue of Cranogwen, one who achieved so much locally, nationally and internationally and did that at a time when it was not acceptable for women to do such things. We hope that unveiling the statue with a creative celebration will be a way of paying a well-deserved tribute to an outstanding lady." The statue is now in the foundry being cast and the unveiling is scheduled to take place in Llangrannog on June 10th 2023. It promises to be a day of great celebration, with an unveiling procession from the Urdd camp and lots of singing and dancing.
Those wishing to learn more about the project or donate to the cause are encouraged to visit the Cerflun Cymunedol Cranogwen Community Monument page.
Here are some photos of the process that the artist is going through to design and create the statue of Cranogwen. The costume has been designed and made to reflect the types of clothes that Cranogwen would have worn, after much research. Anne-Marie modelled the clothes on the beach at Llangrannog so that the best setting could be identified. Anne-Marie was full of admiration for Cranogwen and the women of the time for being able to carry out their daily tasks in these heavy and uncomfortable clothes - never mind travel around the countryside.
This is the artist Seb Boyesen and his mentee Kezia Ferguson casting a rock that they found in a cove around the headland from Llangrannog. The rock will be cast in bronze and serve as the 'plinth' on which Cranogwen will stand - rooting her firmly in the landscape that she loved.
This is the artist Seb Boyesen 's mentee Keziah Ferguson working on the scaled model that will be used to cast the statue of Cranogwen. Sebastien said ' Kezi (our mentee) really helped enormously with the modelling, mould making and casting. She has stayed repeatedly with us for days at a time doing really great work in the studio and I can’t praise her work ethic enough.
I am sure she will get a lot from the whole experience, so I want to say thanks for involving her in the project in the first place..a really hard working and dedicated young woman who was a pleasure to have around!
The artist Seb Boyesen explaining his design for the Cranogwen scaled model that will be used to cast the statue of Cranogwen.
Fundraising is going well, with nearly £80k raised to date.
£3000 has been raised towards the fundraising target from the sale of a limited edition print created by the artist Meinir Mathias. Our thanks to Meinir for kindly agreeing to produce a print from her wonderful original work. The fundraising campaign was launched with a fascinating and inspirational talk by Professor Jane Aaron. Professor Aaron who is currently writing a biography of Cranogwen, is a member of the Cranogwen Art Steering Group, and will be invaluable in terms of supporting the appointed artist with regards information on Cranogwen’s life and times. Head to our Go Fund me page to donate.
A one woman show was commissioned and performed by Mewn Cymeriad / In Character, in 2022, which toured Wales performing in English and Welsh, raising money for the statue and bringing to life the remarkable story of Cranogwen.